Periodontitis is one of the most common diseases today. It is a gum disease which, if not addressed, can result in serious health problems and expensive cosmetic dentistry treatments. If you suspect you suffer from gum disease, it’s best to seek treatment as soon as possible.
With periodontitis the gums become inflamed. This inflammation affects the structure of teeth and jaw, breaking down the bones. It’s the most common cause of tooth loss and is often the cause of loose teeth in adults.
In addition to lost teeth and breaking down bone structure, periodontitis causes gum recession. This recession exposes the roots of teeth which can make eating, drinking and brushing painful. It can also lead to drifting teeth and abscesses.
Gum disease also increases your risks of other diseases. It is associated with higher risks of heart disease and diabetes. It can also negatively affect your general health.
Identifying early signs and symptoms of gum disease drastically reduces the risk of complications. The signs should be caught if you are scheduling regular dental cleanings. But, you should visit the dentist if you have any of the symptoms of an oral infection:
If you are experiencing the symptoms of gum disease, visit an emergency doctor. The sooner you treat it, the simpler the treatment. You will save money and protect your health with proactive dental care.
The exact treatment for gum disease depends on how advanced the problem is. Caught early, a dental cleaning along with proper brushing and oral hygiene instructions may be enough. Periodontitis is caused by plaque building up and hardening into tartar. The tartar builds up in between gaps in the teeth and gums, causing inflammation and potential infection.
If caught early, dentists can clean and scrape away the plaque and tartar. They may also recommend a tartar control toothpaste for at-home brushing. If it has built up over enough time or caused too much damage, more intensive treatment may be necessary.
If professional cleaning isn’t enough, the next step is antibiotics. Often this involves a mouthwash with ingredients to kill bacteria. Your cosmetic dentist will set up another appointment to see if this treatment is sufficient. Should the problem worsen or fail to improve, it may be treated as advance periodontitis.
If the periodontitis is advanced and the damage has already begun to occur surgical treatment is often required. Dentists perform surgery that clears away plaque bacteria trapped under the gums.
They anesthetize the area, surgically lift the gum, and clean the trapped bacteria off the root of the teeth and out of periodontal pockets. When this is done the lifted gums are stitched back in place.
Some cosmetic dental clinics offer laser dentistry which can help to perform biopsies and improve gum health. This sophisticated technology is safe and effective.
As well as removing the bacteria, your cosmetic dentist will also fix any specific problems resulting from the disease. A dental implant, for example, is often the best option for replacing a lost tooth. They may also use cosmetic treatments to graft, rebuild, or regenerate damage tooth and bone structure.
Once the disease and symptoms are treated, your dentist continues to set up follow-up appointments to monitor oral health and prevent a relapse. The focus now switches to preventative dental care.
There are three main factors in preventing gum disease:
Dentists recommend brushing your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes each time. You need to clean the surface, sides, and tops of the teeth, as well as brushing the gums. If you have a history of gum disease, tartar control toothpaste may help reduce your risk of periodontitis.
A toothbrush cannot reach everywhere that flossing can. Getting in between the teeth with dental floss or an interdental brush is the best way to clean out these areas. This also helps to reduce bad breath.
Scheduling regular tooth cleanings are an important aspect of preventative dental care. In most cases, these visits are recommended once every 6 months. The dentist is able to remove stubborn plaque that brushing isn’t catching. As well, they can catch early signs of periodontitis before damage sets in.
Are you overdue for a dental exam? Book an appointment today with our Yorkville dentist office at Bay and Bloor.
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